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Posts tagged ‘exercise’

Lifestyle and type 2 diabetes ― small changes, substantial impact

What can people do to improve their health after they’ve been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes? This question is becoming all the more urgent as cases of diabetes continue to rise. In this Diabetes Awareness Week (9-14 June), Paul Browne, communications managerat the MRC Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge, rounds up some recent research from the unit suggesting that small lifestyle changes made soon after diagnosis can make a big difference.

Research published this week has highlighted the increased number of people in the UK with pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes, reinforcing the urgent need to find ways of preventing and treating the disease.

We know that changes to diet are important for controlling blood glucose levels and reducing risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.

But there hasn’t been much research into whether lifestyle changes made soon after diagnosis with type 2 diabetes, can result in long-term health benefits. There has also been a lack of good-quality evidence for the benefit of combining lifestyle changes and medication, over and above medication alone.

This is important because for many individuals, the most challenging aspect to managing their diabetes is adopting and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. They may believe that lifestyle is less important than medication, or that the health benefits are not sufficient to justify the effort and disruption to their daily lives. Some may even feel that taking medication such as statins for cholesterol means that they can disregard dietary advice.

Ultimately it comes down to a simple question: “Will this make a difference?” Read more

Thinking on their feet: the standing desk revolution

Meg Fluharty*

Meg Fluharty*

How many hours a day do you spend sitting down? If you’re on your feet for the majority of your working day then perhaps you enjoy some (sitting) down time. However is our increased use of computers and digital technology in medical research and the work place encouraging an increasingly sedentary working life? Isabel Baker investigates.

Standing while you work turns out to be an, erm, long-standing tradition. Famous historical figures including Winston Churchill, Ernest Hemingway and Charles Dickens all worked at standing desks, and of course researchers at the lab bench or in the clinic are used to spending hours on their feet.

Sedentary behaviour has been recognised as a public health issue only in the past 10 years, and recent research has suggested that standing is a healthier alternative to long periods of sitting1,2. Read more