Dr Emilie Pondeville, Research Associate at the MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, works with one of the world’s most renowned tropical insects – the mosquito. To mark World Mosquito Day on 20 August, she describes what it’s like to work in an insectary and explains the importance of research in mosquitoes.
Like many people, I don’t really like insects. But mosquitoes are different.
I work with Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, known for transmitting diseases such as Zika, chikungunya and dengue fever. Not every species needs a blood meal to reproduce. But the ones we rear are anautogenous, meaning they must feed to mature their eggs.
University of Manchester Clinical Psychologist and Senior Lecturer Dr Sandra Bucci tells us about a Smartphone app her team are developing for the self-management of psychosis, and how it could particularly help younger ‘digital natives’.
Image credit: University of Manchester
Severe mental health problems such as schizophrenia affect 24 million people worldwide, with an estimated annual cost to society of nearly £12bn in England alone. People with psychosis tend to misinterpret or confuse what is going on around them. For example, they may experience hallucinations (in which they see or hear things that are not real), delusions (unusual beliefs not usually held by others) or confused thinking.
Connecting the disconnected
Feelings of isolation are common for people experiencing psychosis. Psychotic experiences usually begin to appear in adolescence and young adulthood – a critical time in life when we find our identity, complete our education and start out on our careers. Feeling disconnected from others during that time can have really serious knock-on effects, not only on the trajectory of the rest of your life but for your family, and for society more broadly.
Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Alan Stein is helping HIV-positive women with depression during pregnancy and the postnatal period. By improving their wellbeing he wants to help their children get the best start in life. He explains what his team has achieved so far in South Africa and the global implications of this work.
Imagine receiving an HIV diagnosis when you’re pregnant. You’re bringing a new life into the world. Then you receive news that you have an infection which requires lifelong treatment. You’re unsure if you will pass it onto your child and you may feel stigmatised. Disclosing your HIV status to your partner, or family, may also be a major worry.